Worth to know - about plumbing, pipes and water system

Dodane: 04-09-2016 13:04
Worth to know - about plumbing, pipes and water system plumbing Wandsworth

Wikipedia about tubes and pipes and how they are different

The difference between pipes and tubes is simply in the way it is sized. PVC pipe for plumbing applications and galvanized steel pipe for instance, are measured in IPS (iron pipe size). Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, which is basically an average diameter. These sizing schemes allow for universal adaptation of transitional fittings. For instance, 1/2" PeX tubing is the same size as 1/2" copper tubing. 1/2" PVC on the other hand is not the same size as 1/2" tubing, and therefore requires either a threaded male or female adapter to connect them. When used in agricultural irrigation, the singular form "pipe" is often used as a plural.

Pipe is available in rigid "joints", which come in various lengths depending on the material. Tubing, in particular copper, comes in rigid hard tempered "joints" or soft tempered (annealed) rolls. PeX and CPVC tubing also comes in rigid "joints" or flexible rolls. The temper of the copper, that is whether it is a rigid "joint" or flexible roll, does not affect the sizing.

The thicknesses of the water pipe and tube walls can vary. Pipe wall thickness is denoted by various schedules or for large bore polyethylene pipe in the UK by the Standard Dimension Ratio (SDR), defined as the ratio of the pipe diameter to its wall thickness. Pipe wall thickness increases with schedule, and is available in schedules 20, 40, 80, and higher in special cases. The schedule is largely determined by the operating pressure of the system, with higher pressures commanding greater thickness. Copper tubing is available in four wall thicknesses: type DWV (thinnest wall; only allowed as drain pipe per UPC), type 'M' (thin; typically only allowed as drain pipe by IPC code), type 'L' (thicker, standard duty for water lines and water service), and type 'K' (thickest, typically used underground between the main and the meter). Because piping and tubing are commodities, having a greater wall thickness implies higher initial cost. Thicker walled pipe generally implies greater durability and higher pressure tolerances.

Wall thickness does not affect pipe or tubing size.1/2" L copper has the same outer diameter as 1/2" K or M copper. The same applies to pipe schedules. As a result, a slight increase in pressure losses is realized due to a decrease in flowpath as wall thickness is increased. In other words, 1 foot of 1/2" L copper has slightly less volume than 1 foot of 1/2 M copper.

Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumbing

How to take care of installing the plumbing?

In each building a very important part of the hydraulic system. It was she responsible for supplying us with fresh water, so you want to make sure that was done professionally and properly. To do so might be, it is necessary to employ a specialist who will take care of it. The competent service will carry out installation very quickly and efficiently, and also guarantee us that we will not experience frequent failures. For installing the hydraulic system needed extensive knowledge and skills, so definitely not worth it to take up for yourself. If you decide to install such devices on their own, we should consider the risks of increased costs and failure in after everyone prefers to avoid.

Do you always call a plumber?

Hydraulics are often enough and require emergency repairs carried out by good professionals. Some failures are very serious, others less problematic, but each time should be conducted very fairly and professionally. These smaller faults often we will be able to fix yourself, but if you've become something more serious, you should call a good service hydraulics. Not every failure will end up pretty large costs or cause difficulties, but if not repaired properly, things can get complicated. So it is better to rely here on the knowledge of experienced plumbers, than to rely on luck, because they often can we make this more difficult.

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